B.Sc. Botany

Have you completed 12th standard? Are you interested in pursuing a good B.Sc. course? If yes, this article will be of help to you. Here, we will have an in-depth analysis of B.Sc. Botany course.

B.Sc. Botany

How’s this article of help to me, you may ask. Here, you will find everything you need to know about B.Sc. Botany course. This guide covers topics such as – course details, duration, eligibility criteria, colleges, admission process, fees, careers and salary specs.


B.Sc. Botany academic program consists of classroom lectures and lab sessions. This program is available in regular classroom learning mode as well as distance education mode.


The course is 3 years long. Students who have passed 10+2 Science stream with PCB subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) are eligible to pursue this course. This course is very popular among PCB group students in India. Also check out the best B.Sc. programs in India.


If you want to become a Botanist, this course will be of help to you. After completing the Bachelor’s Degree course, you may go for Master’s Degree and pursue a career in the R&D (Research and Development) sector associated with this field.


Here’s an overview of the academic program –

  • Name of the course: B.Sc. Botany
  • Type of course: Bachelor’s Degree
  • Duration: 3 years
  • Eligibility: 10+2 Science stream passed with PCB subjects


Are you interested in knowing more details about this course? Do you want to check out the career prospects? You will find these details in the following sections. Here they are –



B.Sc. Botany: Basic Details

In simple terms, Botany deals with the study of plant science.


This branch of biology deals with the scientific study of plants. Botany is a part of Biology. It is a vast field and consists of the following areas of study –

  • Plant structure
  • Growth
  • Plant taxonomy
  • Reproduction
  • Biochemistry
  • Metabolism
  • Diseases
  • Plant evolution
  • Plant Chemistry


Botany is not just limited to the study of land plants. It also includes the study of fungi and algae.


Botany is one of the oldest branches of science. With time, botany also has advanced noticeably. Technology has played a huge role in the transformation of botany. Modern day botany boasts advanced techniques such as –

  • Optical microscopy
  • Live cell imaging
  • Electron Microscopy
  • Molecular Genetic analysis


How’s plant science of help to us, you may ask. There are many practical applications of botany. Botanical research and findings are usually applied in areas such as –

  • Agriculture
  • Healthcare
  • Horticulture
  • Food processing
  • Forestry
  • Plant breeding
  • Genetic modification of plants
  • Environmental conservation


Come, let us check out the course details. Here they are –


Course Details


Type of course

B.Sc. Botany is an undergraduate level Bachelor of Science Degree course.



The academic program is 3 years long. Each academic year is divided into 2 semesters. In short, the entire course consists of 6 semesters! As part of assessment, students must face examination in each semester.


Eligibility Criteria

Minimum educational qualification required is –10+2 passed with PCB subjects. Minimum aggregate marks required could be anywhere between 45-60% marks. This criteria may vary from one institute to another.



There exists many Government and Private colleges across India offering this course. Government colleges charge relatively lower fees than their private counterparts.



Reputed institutes rely on merit based admission process. Such institutes make use of relevant entrance test to select deserving candidates. Some institutes are also known to conduct their own qualifying test in order to select deserving candidates.


Some other institutes are also known to conduct direct as well as donation based admission process.



Here are some of the important subjects present in B.Sc. Botany curriculum –

  • Angiosperm Taxonomy
  • Economic Botany
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Ecology
  • Angiosperm Anatomy
  • Microbiology
  • Plant Pathology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Tissue Culture


The academic program also consists of practical sessions. Many of the above mentioned subjects have practical sessions associated with them!



Fees charged for the academic program may vary from one institute to another. Course fees depends upon the following factors –

  • Type of institute (Government, Private, Aided etc)
  • Location of the college
  • Status and rating of the college
  • Scholarship status (of student, if applicable)


Government colleges are known to charge low fees. Average fees in private colleges could be anywhere between 20-40K INR per semester.


Different learning modes

B.Sc. Botany course is available in different learning modes in India. Notable modes are –

  • Regular classroom programs
  • Distance/Correspondence programs


Fees may vary from one program to another.


PG courses and higher studies

After completing the course, B.Sc. Botany graduates may take up a job or go for higher studies. Talking about higher studies, they have a handful of PG courses to choose from.


You may also check –

List of scholarships in India

List of entrance exams after 12th


M.Sc. is probably the best PG course for graduates. They may pursue M.Sc. in order to specialize in sub-disciplines within the branch of Botany!


After completing Master’s program, one may take up Doctoral level program such as PhD. This will help one build a career in Botany R&D sector.


Apart from that, they may also pursue management programs such as MBA and PG Diploma in Management.


Career Prospects

B.Sc. Botany graduates have diverse job opportunities available in front of them. They have access to both Government and Private sector jobs.


If Botany Graduates successfully complete relevant Master’s and Doctoral programs, they may build a career in the lucrative R&D sector of botany.


Botany is a very vast field. This vast field thus generates ample job opportunities and a variety of job profiles. Botany graduates have access to jobs belonging to the following sectors –

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Healthcare
  • Plant Genetics
  • Plant breeding
  • Food processing


Botany graduates are usually hired by –

  • Government Departments (Forestry, Agriculture etc)
  • Agricultural firms
  • Food production and processing firms
  • Banks (as loan officer)
  • Educational Institutes
  • Botanical Gardens
  • Nursery Farms
  • Horticulture Firms


In the above mentioned places, they may don the following roles (based on their educational qualifications) –

  • Botanist
  • Scientist
  • Instructor
  • Loan Officer
  • Manager
  • Government Officer



Starting salary of B.Sc. Botany graduates depends upon a number of factors. Some of the prominent factors are –

  • Institute from which the candidate completed the course
  • Level of education (UG, PG etc)
  • His/her specialization
  • The domain he/she has chosen
  • Job location


On an average, starting salary could be anywhere between 20-30K INR per month. In case of a Government job, the salary will be as per the pay scale and grade. Abroad, the salary is much higher than what it is in India.

Share this awesome article!


  1. Yashanshi May 17, 2020

Leave a Reply